Performance of safety barriers facing NATECH accidents

Enrico Zio co-publishes an article in the journal “Process Safety and Environmental Protection”. Hazardous Natural events can cascade into Technological accidental scenarios (so called NaTech accidents). The occurrence of these accidents can degrade the performance of the preventive and mitigative safety barriers installed in the technological plants. Such performance degradation is typically assessed by expert judgement, without considering the effect of the magnitude of the natural hazard, nor its increasing frequency of occurrence in view of climate change. In this work, a novel sensitivity analysis framework is developed to identify the safety barriers whose performance degradation is most critical and thus needs careful modeling for realistic risk assessment.

110312-N-0000X-003 SENDAI, Japan (March 12, 2011) An SH-60B helicopter assigned to the Chargers of Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron (HS) 14 from Naval Air Facility Atsugi flies over the city of Sendai to deliver more than 1,500 pounds of food to survivors of an 8.9 magnitude earthquake and a tsunami. The citizens of Ebina City, Japan, donated the food, and HS-14 is supporting earthquake and tsunami relief operations in Japan as directed. (U.S. Navy photo/Released)