The Centre for research on Risks and Crises (CRC) was established in January 2008, with the aim of strengthening research and training in the field of risk prevention and crisis management at MINES ParisTech/ PSL Research University.
As such, the CRC initiated the creation, in 2003, of the specialised PhD programme in the Science and Engineering of At-risk Activities (Sciences et génie des activités à risques; SGAR) within the Engineering Sciences doctoral school (SMI, ED No. 432). The same year, it was a key player in the creation of Preventeo, a company that develops and sells risk management software. In 2004, it created the Advanced Master’s Degree in Industrial Risk Management (Maitrise des Risques Industriels; MRI). In 2006, CRC was the first Centre within MINES ParisTech to launch a teaching and research Chair on the topic of Resilience and Industrial Safety.
CRC is part of the Department of Economics, Management and Society (EMS) at MINES ParisTech. It is also associated with the CARNOT M.I.N.E.S. Institute.
The CRC conducts interdisciplinary research that lies at the crossroads of human and social sciences and engineering sciences. To this end, it draws upon, links and integrates the following disciplines: anthropology, law, ergonomics, geography, management, history of science and technology, forensics, psychology, cognitive and information sciences, and engineering sciences.
Consistent with the strategy of MINES ParisTech and its contracted objectives, CRC has three missions:
- Partnership-oriented research, in close collaboration with socioeconomic actors; principally companies in the energy (nuclear, oil and gas) and transport sectors. The aim is to produce models and engineering solutions that provide support for decision-making.
- Research training for PhD, Master’s level, and engineering students.
- The dissemination and exploitation of the results of research in the form of publications, national and international conferences, seminars, advanced methodological prototypes and software, participation in TV and/ or radio broadcasts, etc.
The CRC is resolutely and actively focused on international cooperation. Since 2012, it has been a major player in the DEANS Forum on Resilience Engineering, which regularly brings together the universities of Berkeley, Tokyo, Imperial College London, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne) and the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. Since 2009, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the form of the team led by Professor Nancy Leveson, has welcomed 5 of CRC’s doctoral students. Since 2014, it has worked closely with the University of Tokyo, notably its departments of atomic engineering and sociology. Since 2016, there has been a research agreement in place with NATO’s Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation. Finally, and also since 2016, it has worked with the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the University of Wuppertal in the framework of a Franco–German ANR.
In France, the CRC is actively working within the PSL network, notably the Paris Dauphine University and the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (L’École des hautes études en sciences sociales; EHESS), on resilience and extreme situations. Cooperation with the University of the Cote d’Azur takes the form of anthropology and management sciences labs, and the Côte d’Azur Observatory. Finally, since 2009, the Centre has been involved in the MAGIS research group (geomatics research), and works closely in the field of safety and maritime security with the French Naval Academy.
In 2018, the team was broken down as follows:
- A teaching and research team consisting of 11 lecturer–researchers, working with 3 part-time associates.
- 8 PhD students.
- A management and administration team (2 permanent members of staff) supports the teaching and research team in monitoring ongoing collaborative projects, managing the SGAR and MRI programmes, and facilitating CRC’s communication activities.
- Didier Delaitre
- Franck Guarnieri, CRC Director
- Justin Larouzée
- Aldo Napoli
- Aurélien Portelli
- Edward Powley, visiting professor
- Eric Rigaud, Head of the SGAR doctoral programme
- Georges-André Silber
- Sébastien Travadel
- Wim Van Wassenhove, head of the MRI
- Enrico Zio
- Charlotte Cabasse-Mazel, ethnographer at BIDS, UC Berkeley
- Christophe Martin, Chairman of Tourisme and Security, Institut du Tourisme de Cannes
- Dominique Pécaud, Professor at Université de Nantes.
- Eva Artusi
- Amaury Bazalgette
- Robert Been
- Mathieu Gaulène
- Ragheb Ghandour
- Diana Moreno
- Laurentiu Neagu
- Matthieu Peregrini
- Pierre Vennin
The strategic programme: “Safe Energies and Transport”
In 2017, the CRC finalized a five-year contract, at the heart of which lies a strategic programme entitled “Safe Energies and Transport”. The entire CRC research team (lecturers, research associates, post-doctoral researchers and doctoral students) are involved in this programme. It covers three industrial sectors (nuclear, oil and gas and renewable energies), and three transport sectors (maritime, land and air).
Three, interrelated research axes, each the responsibility of a facilitator/coordinator, structure the programme:
- Professionalism and the professionalisation of/ in safety (Wim Van Wassenhove): this axis studies the links between knowledge, skills, experience and professional practice. It is addressed at two populations: prevention professionals and company employees. In both cases, it aims to better understand the limits of, and factors in, safety performance. The goal is to propose standardised, decision-making models that foster the development of a sustainable safety culture.
- Safety and security of the maritimisation of energy (Aldo Napoli): this axis studies the vulnerability and resilience of socio-technical systems operating in the maritime environment, which are exposed to malevolent acts, operational failure and natural hazards. The aim is to design and develop advanced decision support models and prototypes that draw upon software engineering methods, big data and artificial intelligence, to guide decision-makers in detecting hazards, and planning and implementing appropriate responses.
- Engineering in Extreme Situations (Sébastien Travadel): this axis covers research that lies at the crossroads of two major concepts: engineering, on the one hand, as a technical response to a social demand; and the extreme situation, on the other hand, characteristic of taking action when faced with the risk of irreversible damage to individuals, groups or even whole societies. Work focuses on the reasoning, representations, modes of action and decisions taken by teams of engineers who are required to find technical responses to unacceptable threats to society.
This strategic program guides the Centre’s academic partnerships in France, and its bids for national (ANR, ADEME, Fonds Unique Interministériel) and international (H2020, Berkeley Fund France, etc.) funding, as well as numerous industrial collaborations.
All of CRC’s academic and technical publications are available from HAL Mines.
CRC is recruiting
Each year, the CRC recruits students for its research programmes and advanced courses:
- Doctoral candidates are invited to submit a detailed CV to the Head of the doctoral programme.
- Post-doctoral students should submit a detailed CV to theCRC Director
- Students who would like to apply for the MRI should send their application, and a detailed CV to theHead of the MRI programme.
- Master’s students should send their application and a detailed CV to theCRC administrative assistant.